各种处方缩写(bid、tid、IV等)的全称

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一直记不清bid、tid等用药频率,全靠经常用的机械记忆记了几个,查一查全称,原来是拉丁文:joy:
下面是拉丁文解释成英文

下面有很多缩写-中文对照表 ,也可以直接搜索你想知道的缩写

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Medical prescription abbreviations can be hard to understand. Learn the meaning of commonly used pres…

You may have seen prescription abbreviations like qd, hs, or bid on your medication labels, which are derived from the latin words for “every day,” “at bedtime,” and “twice daily,” respectively.

Perhaps one of the most common is Rx, which is the official symbol for “prescription.” Thought to be derived from the latin word for “recipe,” this abbreviation relays to pharmacists that a prescription is authorized to be filled.

Your pharmacy will translate your healthcare provider’s instructions on the medicine’s label. Sometimes, though, a mistake can happen. Many drugs, like arthritis medication or pain medication, can be dangerous if you take the wrong dose. Knowing how to read prescription abbreviations can protect you from harmful errors.

This article will discuss the Latin abbreviations healthcare providers use on prescriptions and help you learn how to translate them. It will also discuss steps you can take to protect yourself from prescribing errors.

Verywell / Ellen Lindner

The Origins of “Rx” as an Abbreviation for “Prescription”

Rx is an abbreviation for “prescription.” In the U.S. it is believed that the origin of the symbol is an abbreviation of the Latin word for “recipe,” which means “take.”

In Europe, another suggestion of the origin of the symbol appears to represent the astronomical sign of the planet Jupiter.

According to another theory, the Rx symbol is based on the Roman deity Jupiter. Jupiter’s symbol looked similar to the Rx symbol. The symbol may have been placed on a prescription to invoke Jupiter’s blessing.

What Is the Difference Between Rx and Px?

Px and Rx are often confused for one another. However, Px does not mean prescription like Rx does. Depending on where it is used, Px can be a shorthand for “prognosis” or for “procedure code.” As a procedure code, Px will precede a numerical code that represents a specific medical procedure indicated for a patient.

An Example of Prescription Abbreviations

Here is an example of what a healthcare provider might write on a prescription:

Sig: 1 tab po qid pc & hs

These abbreviations are instructions for taking the medication. The pharmacist will translate them for the medication label. In this case, the instructions will read: “Take one tablet by mouth four times a day, after meals, and at bedtime.”

The abbreviations may be written in capital letters or small letters, and may or may not include periods.

List of Common Prescription Abbreviations

These are some common Latin prescription abbreviations and their meanings:

  • ac (ante cibum) means “before meals”

  • ad (auris dextra) means “right ear”

  • ad lib (ad libitum) means “use as much as desired”

  • aI, as (auris laeva, auris sinistra) means “left ear”

  • au (auris utraque) means “both ears”

  • bid (bis in die) means “twice a day”

  • cap, caps (capsula) means “capsule”

  • cf means “with food”

  • daw means “dispense as written”

  • dieb alt (diebus alternis) means “every other day”

  • emp (ex modo prescripto) means “as directed”

  • g means “gram”

  • gr means “grain”

  • gtt(s) (gutta) means “drop(s)”

  • IM means “intramuscular” with respect to injections

  • IV means “intravenous”

  • mdu (more dicto utendus) means “to be used as directed”

  • od (oculus dexter) means “right eye”

  • os (oculus sinister) means “left eye”

  • ou (oculus uterque) means “both eyes”

  • pc (post cibum) means “after meals”

  • po (per os) means “by mouth”

  • pr (per rectus) means “by rectum”

  • prn (pro re nata) means “as needed”

  • qad (quoque alternis die) means “every other day”

  • qd (quaque die) means “every day”

  • qh (quaque hora) means “every hour”

  • qhs (quaque hora somni) means “every night at bedtime”

  • q3h (quaque 3 hora) means “every three hours”

  • qid (quater in die) means “four times a day”

  • qwk means “every week”

  • sc, subc, subcut, subq, sq means “subcutaneous”

  • sig (signa) means “write”

  • tab (tabella) means “tablet”

  • tbsp means “tablespoon”

  • tsp means “teaspoon”

  • tid (ter in die) means “three times a day”

  • top means “topical”

  • ud, ut dict (ut dictum) means “as directed”

  • w means “with”

  • w/o means “without”

  • x means “times”

Declining Use of Prescription Abbreviations

The Latin terms are still in use, but some healthcare providers are retiring them. It is becoming more common for healthcare providers to write prescription instructions in plain language.

Readable prescriptions can help prevent medication errors. That is why many medical professionals believe written instructions should be used instead of hard-to-read abbreviations.

For example, the abbreviation qd, which means “daily,” could be mistaken for qid, which means “four times a day.” It could also be confused for od, which means “right eye.” Simply writing “daily” prevents confusion.

E-prescribing, or electronic prescribing, can also help prevent medication errors. Instructions sent directly to the pharmacy electronically are less prone to human error. If your healthcare provider uses electronic prescribing, you may never see the abbreviations.

E-prescribing improves patient safety in a number of ways, such as:

  • Eliminating hard-to-read prescriptions
  • Reducing the need for verbal communication, which can lead to mistakes
  • Alerting the healthcare provider if the patient has a drug allergy
  • Alerting the healthcare provider to possible drug interactions
  • Making it easier for the healthcare provider to view the patient’s medication history

Summary

Prescription abbreviations like b.i.d., which stands for “twice a day,” and Rx, which stands for “prescription,” are commonly used by healthcare providers when detailing prescription drug information in shorthand.

If you receive a written prescription, make sure you understand the directions. If the directions are unclear or confusing, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist to explain. Don’t take chances: Do not take your medication unless you understand the instructions.

缩写 拉丁文 英文 中文
ac ante cibum before meals 饭前
ad auris dextra right ear 右耳
ad lib ad libitum use as much as desired 随意使用
aI, as auris laeva, auris sinistra left ear 左耳
au auris utraque both ears 双耳
bid bis in die twice a day 一天两次
cap, caps capsula capsule 胶囊
cf - with food 饭后
daw - dispense as written 按处方发放
dieb alt diebus alternis every other day 隔天
emp ex modo prescripto as directed 按指示
g - gram
gr - grain 格令
gtt(s) gutta drop(s)
IM - intramuscular 肌肉注射
IV - intravenous 静脉注射
mdu more dicto utendus to be used as directed 按指示使用
od oculus dexter right eye 右眼
os oculus sinister left eye 左眼
ou oculus uterque both eyes 双眼
pc post cibum after meals 饭后
po per os by mouth 口服
pr per rectus by rectum 直肠给药
prn pro re nata as needed 需要时
qad quoque alternis die every other day 隔天
qd quaque die every day 每天
qh quaque hora every hour 每小时
qhs quaque hora somni every night at bedtime 每晚睡前
q3h quaque 3 hora every three hours 每三小时
qid quater in die four times a day 一天四次
qwk - every week 每周
sc, subc, subcut, subq, sq - subcutaneous 皮下
sig signa write 标记
tab tabella tablet 片剂
tbsp - tablespoon 汤匙
tsp - teaspoon 茶匙
tid ter in die three times a day 一天三次
top - topical 外用
ud, ut dict ut dictum as directed 按指示
w - with 带有
w/o - without 不带有
x - times 倍数
Abbrev. Meaning Latin (or Neo-Latin) origin 含义
a.c. before meals ante cibum 饭前
a.d., ad, AD right ear auris dextra 右耳
a.m., am, AM morning ante meridiem 早上
nocte every night Omne Nocte 每晚
a.s., as, AS left ear auris sinistra 左耳
a.u., au, AU both ears together or each ear aures unitas or auris uterque 双耳(一起)或每只耳朵
b.d.s, bds, BDS 2 times a day bis die sumendum 一天两次
b.i.d., bid, BID twice a day / twice daily bis in die 一天两次/每日两次
gtt., gtts drop(s) gutta(e) 滴(滴剂)
h., h hour hora 小时
qhs, h.s., hs at bedtime or half strength quaque hora somni 每晚睡前/半浓度
ii two tablets duos doses 两片
iii three tablets trēs doses 三片
n.p.o., npo, NPO nothing by mouth / not by oral administration nil per os 空腹/不经口服用
o.d., od, OD right eyeonce a day (United Kingdom) oculus dexteromne in die 每日一次(英国)右眼
o.s., os, OS left eye oculus sinister 左眼
o.u., ou, OU both eyes oculus uterque 双眼
p.c. after food post cibum 饭后
p.m., pm, PM afternoon or evening post meridiem 下午或晚上
p.o., po, PO by mouth / oral administration per os / nonstandard form per orem 经口服用
p.r., pr, PR rectally / rectal administration per rectum 直肠给药
p.r.n., prn, PRN as needed, (also Pertactin - a key antigen of ac.Pertussis vaccine) pro re nata 需要时,也是百白破疫苗的关键抗原
q. every quaque
q.1.h., q1h every hour quaque hora 每小时
q.2.h., q2h every 2 hours quaque secunda hora 每2小时
q.4.h., q4h every 4 hours quaque quarta hora 每4小时
q.6.h., q6h every 6 hours quaque sexta hora 每6小时
q.8.h., q8h every 8 hours quaque octava hora 每8小时
q.a.m., qAM, qam every morning quaque ante meridiem 每天早上
q.d., qd every day / daily quaque die 每天/每日
q.h.s., qhs every night at bedtime quaque hora somni 每晚睡前
q.d.s, qds, QDS 4 times a day quater die sumendum 一天四次
q.i.d, qid 4 times a day quater in die 一天四次
q.h., qh every hour, hourly quaque hora 每小时
q.o.d., qod every other day / alternate days quaque altera die 隔天
q.p.m., qPM, qpm every afternoon or evening quaque post meridiem 下午或晚上
q.s., qs a sufficient quantity (enough) quantum sufficiat 足够的数量
q.wk. also qw weekly (once a week) quaque week 每周一次
Rx, Rx, ℞ prescription recipe 处方
Sig., S. directions signa 用法指示
Stat. immediately, with no delay, now statim 立即,无延迟,现在
t.i.d., tid, TID 3 times a day ter in die 一天三次
t.d.s., tds, TDS take by mouth 3 times a day ter die sumendus 每天三次口服
u.d., ud as directed ut dictum 按指示

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